Timepiece Mechanics

Automatic Timepieces

For an automatic self-winding watch to function properly the mainspring must build up a sufficient power reserve. Many people are unaware that a self-winding watch needs to be wound first manually before it will run automatically. This is called the initiation process and without this, your timepiece will never operate properly or consistently.

To initiate the watch turn the winding crown at the 3 o'clock position in a clockwise direction for about 20 revolutions. This start up wind is usually sufficient for most automatic watches.


After the initiation process has been completed the watch will wind itself automatically by means of an oscillation weight that moves every time the watch's position is changed. A self-winding watch should be worn for at least eight hours a day to maximise the power reserve. If this isn't possible, or if the watch has not been worn for more than 15 hours, the initiation process must be repeated.


Quartz / Battery Operated Timepieces

Unlike their mechanical counterparts, a watch with a quartz movement does not require any winding nor initiation.

Because it utilises a battery which sends an electrical signal through a tiny crystal of quartz, it requires relatively little upkeep and should keep the time regardless of how often it is worn.


Setting Your Watch

For a comprehensive list of how to set each watch please review our setting booklet here. You will need to match the movement to the watch design, if this is not immediately clear please do not hesitate to get in contact with us at info@ralphchristian.com.

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